|Title||User-centered guidance for engineering and design of decentralized sanitation technologies|
|Publication Type||Web Article|
|Year of Publication||2018|
|Authors||Laura T. R. Morrison|
|Series Editor||Anushah Hossain, Myles Elledge, Brian Stoner, and Jeffrey Piascik|
|City||Research Triangle Park, NC|
Technological innovations in sanitation are poised to address the great need for sanitation improvements in low-income countries. Worldwide, more than 2.4 billion people lack access to improved sanitation facilities. Innovative waste treatment and sanitation technologies aim to incorporate user-centered findings into technology engineering and design. Without a focus on users, even the most innovative technology solutions can encounter significant barriers to adoption. Drawing on a household survey conducted in urban slum communities of Ahmedabad, India, this research brief identifies toilet and sanitation preferences, amenities, and attributes that might promote adoption of improved sanitation technologies among potential user populations. This work uses supplemental insights gained from focus groups and findings from the literature. Based on our research, we offer specific guidance for engineering and design of sanitation products and technologies.