Sanitation Technology Cluster

The Sanitation Technology Cluster is a global network of academic, non-profit and private industry partners led by the Center for WaSH-AID at Duke University and supported in-part by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. This program consolidates several important, non-critical-path funded projects into a portfolio that can be efficiently executed and managed to promote collaboration. By leveraging extensive partnerships, the Sanitation Technology Cluster fills technology gaps, minimizes risk, disseminates research findings and increases the likelihood that user-centered innovations will advance rapidly from concept to prototype to market.

Results from research undertaken as part of the Sanitation Technology Cluster (OPP1173370) are made available through the Gates Foundation's Open Access Policy.

Peer-Reviewed Publications

Myles Elledge, Alison Parker, Anju Toolaram, and Brian Stoner. "A Gender Lens into Sanitation Technology Innovation." Journal of Management in Engineering 36, no. 4 (2020): 06020002.

M. H. Dryzer, C. Niven, S. D. Wolter, C. B. Arena, E. Ngaboyamahina, C. B. Parker, and B. R. Stoner. "Electropermeabilization of nematode eggs for parasite deactivation." Journal of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene for Development (2019).

Lena Trotochaud, Brian T. Hawkins, and Brian R. Stoner. "Non-biological methods for phosphorus and nitrogen removal from wastewater: A gap analysis of reinvented-toilet technologies with respect to ISO 30500." Gates Open Research (2019): 559.

Taylor Myers, Lars Schoebitz, Stuart Woolley, Jaime Sanchez Ferragut, Jimmy Thostenson, Kathy Jooss, Jeffrey Piascik, August Frechette, Nico Hotz, Brian Stoner et al. "Towards an off-grid fecal sludge treatment unit: demonstrating energy positive thermal treatment." Gates Open Research 3:1176 (2019).

Myles F. Elledge, Arundati Muralidharan, Alison Parker, Kristin T. Ravndal, Mariam Siddiqui, Anju P. Toolaram, and Katherine P. Woodward. "Menstrual Hygiene Management and Waste Disposal in Low and Middle Income Countries - A Review of the Literature." Environmental Research and Public Health (2018).

Non-Peer Reviewed Reports

Edwina Mercer, Ewan McAdam, and Yadira Bajon Fernandez. "Screw Dewatering of Faecal Sludge Final Technical Report." Gates Open Research (Dec 2020).

Joe Incardona, Caleb Lovelace, Ian Norris and Paul Smith. "Value Engineering of Advanced Filtration Processes." Gates Open Research (Sep 2020).

John T. Trimmer, Diana M. Byrne, Hannah A.C. Lohman, and Jeremy S. Guest. "Preliminary Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions Analysis of Four Gates Sanitation Systems." Gates Open Research (Jan 2020).

John T. Trimmer, Hannah A.C. Lohman, Diana M. Byrne, Jeremy S. Guest. "Preliminary Techno-Economic Analysis (TEA) of Duke Reclaimer System: Ultrafiltration, Granular Activated Carbon and Electrolysis Liquid Treatment System." Gates Open Research (Dec 2019).

Kelly Banta, Linden Klein, Ian Norris, Kyle Greer, John Mizia, and Mars Rayno. "Design and Engineering Assessment of a Powderized Biomass Microburner Final Report." Gates Open Research (Aug 2019)

S. Woolley, A. Weber, L. Schoebitz, B. Hallowell, and J. Hallowell. "Electrical Generation Solutions Landscape Report and Assessment to Scale." Gates Open Research (Aug 2019).

Michael Manion. "In-Line Sludge Dewatering Report." Gates Open Research (Aug 2019).

Amul Tevar and Tate Rogers. "Maceration Technology Landscape." Gates Open Research (Aug 2019).

Siddharth Kawadiya, Peter F. Coggan, Claire Welling, Sonia Grego, and Marc Deshusses. "Malodor Detection for FSM Technologies by an Integrated Gas Sensors System, FSM5 Conference Abstract." Gates Open Research (Aug 2019).

Hillary Dimig, Jacob (Kobe) Nagar, Marc. A. Deschusses. "A Review of Pure Oxygen Generation and Alternative Oxidants for Wet Oxidation of Fecal Sludge for Novel Sanitation Technologies." Gates Open Research (Aug 2019).

Myles Elledge and Arundati Muralidharan. "Technical Brief No. 1 on Menstrual Hygiene Safe Disposal Observations from Menstrual Waste Disposal Practices in Shared and Public Toilet Spaces (India)." Gates Open Research (Aug 2019).

Myles Elledge and Arundati Muralidharan. "Technical Brief No. 2 on Menstrual Hygiene Safe Disposal Informing Standards Development for Small-Scale Incinerators Frequently Deployed in Shared and Public Spaces (India)." Gates Open Research (Aug 2019).

TERAX® System Value-Engineering Review for India

Jeffrey Piascik, Taylor Myers, Hitendra Chaudhauri, Brendon Lynch, Myles Elledge, Briant Grant, and Stephanie Teleski. "Thermal Treatment Solution for Menstrual Hygiene Sanitary Products." Gates Open Research (Aug 2019).

Lou Auguste, Shishir Malav, A. Barrios Perez, T. Felix Canedo, C. Maya-Rendon and G. Velasquez Rodriguez. "Validation of AiDA Digital Microscopy System for Automated Use with HEAD AI." Gates Open Research (Aug 2019).

Laura T. R. Morrison, Anushah Hossain, Myles Elledge, Brian Stoner, and Jeffrey Piascik. "User-Centered Guidance for Engineering and Design of Decentralized Sanitation Technologies." RTI International (2018).